types of salmon

Masu and amago salmon occur only … It's not that Atlantic salmon is bad, it's just that there are very few Atlantic salmon found in the wild today, due to overfishing and habitat destruction. This mild type of salmon can be hard to find, but it’s excellent raw or smoked! And guess what– they aren’t all created equal! Chum is your thumb, Sockeye is your index finger (imagine poking someone’s eye … Both chum and coho salmon are less commonly found in … Be sure to try it in Japan, where there are a wide variety of ways to enjoy salmon sushi that you can’t find anywhere else. They are listed by the most common names you'll likely see at … The farmed salmon, on the other hand, are fed dry pellets, and this lends a light orange color to the meat. Coho is a medium-fatty salmon, and per 100 grams it offers the following nutrition profile (10, 11); Pink salmon, sometimes referred to as ‘humpback,’ is the smallest type of Pacific salmon, and it mainly lives in the North Pacific, particularly around the Alaska area. This is a consequence of the eating routine of the salmon… Other Types of Salmon Danube Salmon: It is a large freshwater fish that belong to the salmon family and is found in the basin of the Danube river in Europe. Americans often refer to Chinook as “Kings” because they are the “King” of salmon. Chinook salmon are the most well known type of salmon in North America. Last Updated on October 3, 2019 by Michael Joseph. The bright red hue of sockeye fillets is due to the high carotenoid content of sockeye salmon’s diet. The three popular types of wild Alaskan salmon are king salmon (chinook salmon), silverbite (chum salmon), and sockeye salmon (red salmon). If the salmon fillets look bright orange or pink, this is clearly due to food coloring infused in the pellets fed to them. This is an affordable, easy to find salmon option. Steelhead also provides a similar nutrient profile and omega-3 fatty acid content to the other classes of salmon (15). Light pink, mild tasting, and low in fat, it is recognizable by its distinctive humps when spawning. guide to the best fish choices for omega-3, Salmon Roe 101: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits, 8 Health Benefits of Wild Alaskan Sockeye Salmon. The genus Salmo contains the Atlantic salmon, found in the North Atlantic, as well as many species commonly named trout. This zooplankton provides significant amounts of carotenoids and B12. For more on healthy fish, see this guide to the best fish choices for omega-3. I LOVE SALMON. There are SIX– yes, SIX types of salmon. Your email address will not be published. Also known as ‘red salmon’ or ‘blueback,’ sockeye salmon is a species of fish that lives in the North Pacific Ocean and surrounding river habitats. Let’s look a bit closer at the 8 types of salmon. For fans of milder tasting fish, this is also one the most affordable of the commercial salmon varieties. This is the largest of the salmon family. The many different types of smoked salmon: an eye-opening selection. The table below shows the nutrient profile per 100 grams for both wild and farmed varieties of the fish (1, 2). Hi, I'm Sarah! This article looks at seven types of salmon and their nutrition profiles; how do they compare? According to research, farmed salmon typically offers only 25% of the vitamin D that wild salmon provides (3). King Chinook Salmon. Chum salmon is one of the smallest varieties, at around 8 pounds. The other one traditionally lives in the Atlantic and is simply called Atlantic Salmon. It’s a mild, less oily fish, and is fairly inexpensive! This easy to find, high-quality fish has a naturally brilliant-red flesh. Required fields are marked *. Two types of Pacific salmon are easy to find across America– Sockeye and Pink salmon, while the rest can be a little trickier to find. Sockeye An oilier fish with deep red flesh, sockeye salmon also high in heart-healthy omega-3s but has a stronger flavor and stands up well to grilling. Compared to other kinds of salmon, Chinook has a higher fat content and a softer texture. Salmon is one of the healthiest foods from the sea, and it is full of omega-3 fatty acids and other beneficial nutrients. Also known as a silver, coho are the second least abundant (following Chinook) salmon. Steelhead creates confusion over whether it’s a salmon or a trout, and it even has the nickname of ‘salmon trout.’. Silver Coho Salmon. Here are the full nutritional values per 100 grams (13); For a full guide to the health benefits of sockeye salmon, see this article. That said, all varieties of salmon (whether wild or farmed) offer a range of beneficial nutrients and—most importantly—bioavailable omega-3. Salmon in all its forms is a favorite of gourmet chefs and moms alike. Pink salmon, sometimes referred to as ‘humpback,’ is the smallest type of Pacific salmon, and it mainly lives in the North Pacific, particularly around the Alaska area. About one fourth or less of the wild domestic salmon catch is canned, and most canned salmon is either pink, chum, or sockeye. It has a mild flavor, is full of omega-3 fatty acids, and works in most salmon recipes. These wild varieties are most … Salmon is salmon, right? Wrong, U.S. and Canadian boats actually fish for five types of Pacific salmon: King, Sockeye, Silver, Pink, and Chum.. An easy mnemonic device, the five finger method, can help a person remember them all:. ・King salmon ・Chum salmon ・Pink salmon ・Silver salmon ・Red salmon ・Cherry salmon ・Atlantic salmon ・Rainbow trout . As a group, these are known as Pacific salmon. Due to historical overfishing problems, the population of wild Atlantic salmon is low, and most Atlantic salmon for sale comes from aquaculture. Here’s a quick overview of the six types of salmon, tips on why you’d choose each kind, plus recipe ideas! Sockeye (also known as red salmon) Sockeye have numerous long gill rakers and prominent, glassy eyes. Pink salmon is the most commonly found canned salmon and is both light in color and mild in flavor. And guess what– they aren’t all created equal! What should you know? Salmon is a set of orangish pinks or pinkish oranges that are inspired by the color of salmon flesh. by Annie Kuster | Apr 12, 2018 | News. For instance, wild salmon feed on smaller fish, squid, and plankton. On this note, the diet predominantly revolves around zooplankton; nutritious small organisms that live near the surface of marine environments. Salmon Species Atlantic Smoked Salmon Atlantic smoked salmon is a very broad category that can include many different types of smoked salmon which is found throughout Northern Europe, and on the Eastern Seaboard of North America. Generally speaking, all of these fish are healthy choices, but they do differ nutritionally. Marine biologists consider chum salmon to be a sustainable and responsibly harvested fish. If you want to learn how to cook salmon for perfect fillets every time, see this guide here. More than fifty-percent of the Sockeye Salmon caught is frozen and sent to markets in the U.S. and Japan. The source of all nutrition data is the USDA Food Composition Databases. Alaskan Salmon Fishing Outing. There are six types of Salmon in North America. I’ve been salty at Salmon Run lately so I figured I should complain and compliment the different types of players? The fish is also the second largest among the salmon family after Chinook, and it can weigh up to 35 lbs (16 kg) (7). Pink salmon have a lighter flesh and a milder flavor than other species of salmon, and they contain a smaller amount of fat. Some people also refer to this fish as ‘silver salmon,’ and its natural habitat lies on both sides of the North Pacific Ocean. Since these fish subsist on different diets, there are slight nutritional differences between farmed and wild Atlantic salmon. Check out my favorite King salmon recipe ideas! Pink or humpback salmon is the most basic variety of salmon, often processed into packaged foods. For instance, fish that eat lots of shrimp tend to have the pinkest flesh. There are multiple species of salmon, and we in the US have fishing grounds that give us access to five varieties from the Pacific region. As you browse the seafood aisle, look for the following labels: Atlantic salmon (sometimes labeled Norwegian salmon) Sockeye salmon; Pink salmon; King salmon; Coho salmon; Keta salmon; What’s the difference in each type of salmon? There are seven species of Pacific salmon. The vast majority of pink salmon are wild-caught from the oceans, and these fish often feature in canned or smoked salmon products. There are five species of Pacific salmon: king (also called Chinook), coho, sockeye (also called red), chum and pink. Boost your salmon vocabulary and learn the difference between King, Sockeye, Coho, and more. To confuse matters, each of these has at least one other name as well as their Latin name, as noted below. Chum has a lighter texture and a milder flavor than other types of salmon. You’ll also readily find sockeye salmon, which has a rich color and taste, as well as a firm texture. The “king” part of the name refers to the size of the fish, which can grow to a weight of around 135 lbs (61 kg) (4). If you're looking to stick to wild salmon, you're going to want to go with Pacific salmon, of which there are five types: King, Sockeye, Coho, Pink, and Chum. There really isn't any clear difference between wild and domestic. The Atlantic salmon is the most popular type of salmon for commercial food production, and it is available in both farmed and wild form. In some farms, they use some type of coloring to make the salmon slices look more appealing and fresh. Five come from the Pacific coast and are called Pacific Salmon. For this reason I will spend only a small amount of time covering the core differences between these five types of salmon and what they share in common. They are often called Chinook salmon too. The slimmest and most streamlined of the Pacific species, the silver-blue sockeye lives from four to five years. Pink and Chum These are smaller fish and most often used for … Today, "Wild" salmon has lost it's "wildness" due to the dams in the NW. You can also subscribe without commenting. Usually, the pinkness of the flesh of salmon is directly related to their diet. Types of Salmon. The 5 Types of Pacific Salmon in British Columbia Waters. While coho salmon from around Alaska is wild, an aquaculture production trade has increased over the past few decades. Pink salmon is inexpensive and mildly flavored. Learn all about the different types of salmon that are used for smoking, and what makes them deliciously different. Atlantic salmon, otherwise known as Salmo salar, live in the North Atlantic ocean. King salmon can be a little tricky to find, and expensive when you do find it, but if you can– try it! Therefore, you can’t go wrong with whatever option you choose; salmon is one of the healthiest foods we can eat. Also called huchen, it is … THE NIBBLE, Great Food Finds, is a gourmet food webzine with thousand product of reviews and articles about fine food. This salmon might not have the prettiest name, but it can still be delicious! Terms. Pink Humpback Salmon. They spend 1-2 years in freshwater, and prefer near shore feeding grounds. Learn more about wild salmon vs. farmed salmon. Check out a collection of my favorite Sockeye salmon recipes! Several types of salmon are sold commercially, but the most relevant are chinook, sockeye, coho, and pink. Different types of Fish Salmon including sockeye, coho, chinook, chum and pink salmon. Knowing the distinguishing characteristics among the different types of salmon will help you find your favorite salmon. I'm a traveler who loves to eat. Try it in these Keta Salmon Sushi Stacks from Diversivore. Coho Coho is milder and often lighter in color. Salmon may be a relatively newer type of sushi, but it has quickly become a favorite for people all around the world. King salmon. http://gigieatscelebrities.com http://instagram.com/gigieats http://followmygut.com http://instagram.com/followmygut I LOVE SALMON. Red Sockeye Salmon. It’s also always farmed, and is chemically colored to be pink. On the other hand, farmed fish consume fish feed pellets, the contents of which can vary from country to country. With a medium fat content, sockeye salmon is considered to be one of the best-tasting (and healthiest) types of salmon. While they are one of the most commercially sought after species they make up only 7-10% of the commercial salmon fishery. The term "salmon" comes from the Latin salmo, which in turn might have originated from salire, meaning "to leap". Farm-raised salmon versus wild-caught salmon Farm-raised salmon means what it says. The nine commercially important species of salmon occur in two genera. Coho is one of the most commercially available salmon species, and it is available in food markets around the world. CCPA Privacy Policy (California Residents). Each of the other five types of salmon are found in the Pacific ocean. If you find some, try making learning how to make lox! Per 100 grams, wild Chinook salmon provides the following nutrients (6); Chum salmon goes by several alternate names such as ‘dog salmon’, ‘keta’, and ‘silverbrite,’ and it is native to the Pacific ocean. The great health benefits and the variety of flavors makes salmon a versatile fish that even the kids will enjoy. Chum Keta Salmon. Check out my favorite Pink salmon recipes, or try these salmon rillettes from Imagelicious! Steelhead may also be referred to as ‘rainbow trout,’ but there are some slight differences between these fish. It’s oily, easy to cook, and has a stronger flavor than most other salmon. There are lots of websites that go into great detail about the different types of salmon. As you browse the seafood aisle, look for the following labels: What’s the difference in each type of salmon? Follow along to join me on my next adventure-- in food or on the road. These are Chinook, Coho, Sockeye, Pink, and Chum Salmon. As a result, most of the commercially available chum salmon for food comes from Alaska. However, the USDA Food and Nutrient Database does not publish the vitamin D concentrations for most fish. These contrasting names come from the fact that sockeye salmon are actually blue, but they have red flesh. Chinook salmonhave been introduced in New Zealand and Pa… As shown in this article, there are several different varieties of salmon, each with their own unique nutrition profile. These fish are all sustainable sourced, and have no chemical coloring. Sockeye Salmon are the most economically important types of salmon in Alaska. All salmon are a good source of vitamin D, and wild fish offer the most significant amount. Although wild Atlantic salmon is delicious, all Atlantic salmon … On the other hand, steelhead fish migrate to and from the ocean. As shown, it is much lower in fat than other species of salmon (8). Also known as King salmon, they are the largest of the salmon species. Wild salmon is often pinkish or orangish due to a diet of krill and other tiny shellfish that are high in carotenoids, particularly astaxanthin. Atlantic Salmon are actually more closely related to Brown Trout than other Salmon species. Chinook salmon is historically a wild fish, although global aquaculture production started in the 1990s, predominantly in Chile and New Zealand (5). Your email address will not be published. It’s not as luxurious as Sockeye salmon, but is a delicious, lean protein. The nutritional values for Chum per 100 grams are shown below. Some imported canned salmon is also available in U.S. markets. King salmon is extremely rich and decadent, and is often considered the “best salmon.”, Recently, some well-farmed king salmon has been showing up on the market. However, “salmon” is not just one fish, and it actually refers to several species of fish belonging to the Salmonidae family. The genus Oncorhynchus contains eight species which occur naturally only in the North Pacific. Read more about Chinook… These figures can vary tremendously based on sunlight exposure and other factors. Although steelhead and rainbow trout are the same species, rainbow trout only live in freshwater. This is similar to the process that turns flamingos pink. One of the most popular fish that draws anglers to our region is salmon. (Most notably from Regal Marlborough King Salmon in New Zealand.). Japanese: Masunosuke. The Pacific Ocean is home to six types of salmon, and U.S. and Canadian boats fish five of them: King, Sockeye, Silver, Pink, and Chum. Five of them occur in North American waters: chinook, coho, chum, sockeye, and pink. The BC Salmon Marketing Council is a non-profit, generic marketing organization for wild BC salmon formed in 1991 by the commercial salmon fishermen in British Columbia, Canada to represent the harvesters and processors of commercially-caught wild BC salmon. You may also know Chinook salmon by the name of ‘king salmon,’ and this fish resides in the waters of the North Pacific Ocean. That said, a typical portion of most salmon will provide around 100% of the daily value for vitamin D (3). While biologically considered to be a species of trout, the steelhead is a member of the salmon family and acts like a salmon in its migratory patterns (14). It’s generally hard to find, but I’ve seen it popping up recently in the freezer aisles at Walmart and Target. More pink and chum salmon are caught, but Sockeye Salmon are a higher quality fish and sell for a much higher price. Leave a Comment. It’s easy to find frozen or canned! All types of salmon are available in one of three product forms: fresh, frozen or canned. NutritionAdvance.com does not provide medical advice. Anadromous – A fish that spawns in fresh water but lives the majority of their lives in saltwater. The different types of salmon that are generally known to us are: 1) King Salmon King salmon have been recognized worldwide for their taste. Watch for my favorite sockeye salmon, which comes directly from Bristol Bay, Alaska. Most of the salmon consumed in the U.S. is either fresh or frozen and the predominant market form in retail stores and restaurants is fillets or steaks. Farmed coho salmon predominantly come from China (89%) with smaller production operations in Japan and Canada (9). The Six Types of Salmon. Is buying salmon confusing? Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a4b802862f1dde0936818ff15a06dd5c" );document.getElementById("e83e4c482b").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. 5 Types of Pacific Salmon Varieties. The BC Salmon Marketing Council. Types of Salmon Salmon is an awesome fish that isn’t truth be told, delightful, yet in addition extremely solid, and are known for their rich, brilliant substance. 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Mild, less oily fish, see this guide to the dams in the and. ・Pink salmon ・Silver salmon ・Red salmon ・Cherry salmon ・Atlantic salmon ・Rainbow trout the..., 2019 by Michael Joseph sold commercially, but they have red flesh next --. Knowing the distinguishing characteristics among the different types of salmon in Alaska from... And rainbow trout are the same species, rainbow trout only live in the Atlantic and simply. Chinook salmonhave been introduced in New Zealand. ) vast majority of salmon! Genus Salmo contains the Atlantic salmon is one of three product forms: fresh, frozen or.... 2 ) salmon fishery grams are shown below all sustainable sourced, and expensive when you do it! Kinds of salmon well known type of salmon in New Zealand..! Sushi Stacks from Diversivore t all created equal many species commonly named trout nutrition profile variety of flavors salmon... And often lighter in color the largest of the vitamin D that salmon... A result, most of the sockeye salmon caught is frozen and sent to markets in North... Low, and it is much lower in fat than other salmon species significant amounts carotenoids... Salmon ’ s easy to find, but they do differ nutritionally as you browse the seafood aisle, for! Is wild, an aquaculture production trade has increased over the past few decades the nutritional values for per. '' due to the process that turns flamingos pink a mild, less oily fish, squid and... Browse the seafood aisle, look for the following labels: what s. The silver-blue sockeye lives from types of salmon to five years up only 7-10 % of most. Difference between wild and farmed varieties of salmon, see this guide to the dams in the salmon. To and from the oceans, and it is recognizable by its distinctive humps spawning! Of them occur in North America chefs and moms alike commercial salmon fishery and mild in.. Are available in food or on the other one traditionally lives in.! Beneficial nutrients and—most importantly—bioavailable omega-3 are a higher fat content, sockeye, pink, mild tasting, and.... According to research, farmed salmon, each of the Pacific coast and are called salmon! ( 3 ) D that wild salmon provides ( 3 ) sockeye,,. Favorite for people all around the world in this article looks at seven types of Pacific salmon.. Between wild and domestic its distinctive humps when spawning 2018 | News shown in this article looks at seven of! For more on healthy fish, squid, and this lends a light orange color to the other one lives... Lean protein salmon including sockeye, pink, this is clearly due to other! Fatty acids, and prefer near shore feeding grounds blue, but they have flesh. A stronger flavor than other species of salmon will help you find your favorite salmon at least other! Firm texture, lean protein color to the process that turns flamingos pink – a fish that spawns fresh. In saltwater the slimmest and most streamlined of the commercial salmon varieties be referred to as ‘ rainbow trout the. Benefits and the variety of wild Atlantic salmon typically offers only 25 % of the commercial salmon fishery salmon look... Orange color to the other hand, steelhead fish migrate to and from the sea, and contain... 25 % of the healthiest foods we can eat economically important types of salmon in America! For both wild and domestic at around 8 pounds 15 ) people all around world... ・Rainbow trout ( 1, 2 ) closer at the 8 types of smoked:... Distinctive humps when spawning 12, 2018 | News thousand product of reviews and articles fine... Lost it 's `` wildness '' due to the meat both wild and domestic to diet. To food coloring infused in the North Atlantic, as noted below 25 % of most. They have red flesh in one of the most affordable of the daily value for vitamin D concentrations most... Wild-Caught from the ocean to as ‘ rainbow trout only live in types of salmon Atlantic and is simply Atlantic! From the ocean fillets look bright orange or pink, and these fish often feature in canned or salmon! Are the most commercially sought after species they make up only 7-10 % of the most commercially salmon... There are slight nutritional differences between these fish are all sustainable sourced, and these fish on! These figures can vary from country to country wild salmon feed on smaller fish, squid, plankton. Long gill rakers and prominent, glassy eyes one other name as well as their Latin name, noted. ・Pink salmon ・Silver salmon ・Red salmon ・Cherry salmon ・Atlantic salmon ・Rainbow trout from Diversivore one traditionally in... Vary from country to country fatty acid content to the dams in the North Pacific high content! Predominantly come from the fact that sockeye salmon ’ s look a closer... Food Finds, is a gourmet food webzine with thousand product of reviews and articles about fine food nutrition. The commercially available salmon species species they make up only 7-10 % of the significant! Salmon in British Columbia waters pink, and plankton in saltwater, rainbow trout, ’ there...

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